Evidence suggests that cultures around the world have found a place for people to share stories about interesting new information.Among Zulus, Mongolians, Polynesians, and American Southerners, anthropologists have documented the practice of questioning travelers for news as a matter of priority.
These can have ranged from smoke and fire signals to advanced systems using semaphore codes and telescopes. China, where reports gathered by officials were eventually compiled as the Spring and Autumn Annals.The world's first written news may have originated in eighth century B. The annals, whose compilation is attributed to Confucius, were available to a sizeable reading public and dealt with common news themes—though they straddle the line between news and history.The English word "news" developed in the 14th century as a special use of the plural form of "new".In Middle English, the equivalent word was newes, like the French nouvelles and the German neues.Under the Ottoman Empire, official messages were regularly distributed at mosques, by traveling holy men, and by secular criers.
These criers were sent to read official announcements in marketplaces, highways, and other well-traveled places, sometimes issuing commands and penalties for disobedience.Government proclamations, concerning royal ceremonies, laws, taxes, public health, criminals, have been dubbed news since ancient times.Humans exhibit a nearly universal desire to learn and share news, which they satisfy by talking to each other and sharing information.News conspicuously describes the world in the present or immediate past, even when the most important aspects of a news story have occurred long in the past—or are expected to occur in the future.To make the news, an ongoing process must have some "peg", an event in time which anchors it to the present moment.These were carved in metal or stone and posted in public places.