Between the first and second centuries AD, Italian lamps became the dominant style in the Roman world.
Stone and clay were not the only materials used to make lamps.
Lamps also began to show signs of experimentation with changes in overall body shape and the addition of multiple nozzles, a handle, and clay slips, a coating that was applied to the outside of clay lamps during production in an effort to prevent oil from seeping through the porous clay.
Soon after, these saucers began to develop a pinched or folded rim which resulted in a nozzle and served the purpose of holding the wick in place, thus controlling the flame as well as the smoke.
Lamps with folded rims are often referred to as “cocked-hat” lamps.
They were also used for “special effects” at the theater to indicate when a scene was supposed to be set at night.
In religious contexts, oil lamps served the simple utilitarian function of lighting temples and shrines, and they served a number of ritualistic functions, as well.
Fishermen are believed to have used lamps on their boats when going on nighttime fishing excursions, and when out to sea, galleys likely had oil lamps hanging at the stern to indicate their positions to one another.
In the entertainment sector, lamps were used to light venues for after-dark sporting events such as gladiator shows.
Other types of lamps like astral and fairy lamps also began in the nineteenth century.
Other antique lamps are listed by manufacturer or type of material. ff3=4&toolid=10044&campid=5336649018&customid=lamps&lgeo=1&mpre=
Clay lamps appeared during the Bronze Age around the 16th century BC and were ubiquitous throughout the Roman Empire.
Initially, they took the form of a saucer with a floating wick.
A lamp is a device that holds and burns fuel, typically oil, as a means of producing light.