This followed an announcement that the prime minister expected agreements for new nuclear reactor construction to be signed by the end of the year.
However, refurbishment of older plants to extend operating lifetimes and bring them into conformity with EU standards seemed more probable, both economically and regarding timescale.
Nuclear generation is the responsibility of State Enterprise National Nuclear Energy Generating Company Energoatom (NNEGC Energoatom), established in October 1996.
A 750 k V transmission connection from Khmelnistki 2 to Rzeszow in Poland is planned, taking in also Ukraine’s Burshtyn coal-fired plant in the far west of the country, with Khmelnistki 2 then being disconnected from the Ukraine grid and synchronized with the EU grid, as Burshtyn already is*.
and in March 2017 Energoatom said that it would start to function in 2019 with 1550 MWe as the "first step on the way to fully integrated strategic synchronisation of the Ukrainian and European energy systems." It will be completed by 2025, with 2550 MWe* The 2300 MWe Burshtyn power station was disconnected from the national grid in 2002 to form the Burshtyn Energy Island, synchronized with the EU grid – ENTSO-E – and with a 400 k V connection to Hungary, Slovakia and Romania and a HVDC link proposed.
A large share of primary energy supply in Ukraine comes from the country's uranium and substantial coal resources.
The remainder is oil and gas, mostly imported from Russia, but increasingly from the EU*.
Energoatom expects nuclear to retain its contribution of 50-52% of Ukraine's electricity in 2020.
All are Russian VVER types, two being upgraded 440 MWe V-312 models and the rest the larger 1000 MWe units – two early models and the rest V-320s.Ukraine's 15 nuclear power units at four nuclear power plants are operated by NNEGC Energoatom, the country's nuclear power utility.Following the addition of two new VVER-1000 reactors in 2005, capacity increased to 13,107 which was 26.3% of the country’s total installed capacity.Though the Ukrainian nuclear industry was closely involved with Russia for many years, it remained relatively stable during the changes that occurred when the country became independent of the former Soviet Union.In fact, during that period and since, there have been continuing improvements in the operational safety and output levels of Ukraine's nuclear reactors.In 2014, 88 TWh was from nuclear, 71 TWh from coal, 13 TWh from gas, and 9 TWh from hydro.