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The primary source for knowledge of Algiers of this period, since there are no contemporary local sources, is the TopografĂ­a e historia general de Argel (1612, but written earlier), published by Diego de Haedo, but whose authorship is disputed.This work describes in detail the city, the behavior of its inhabitants, and its military defenses, with the unsuccessful hope of facilitating an attack by Spain so as to end the piracy.

In 2011, the city's population was estimated to be around 3,500,000.An estimate puts the population of the larger metropolitan city to be around 5,000,000.Aruj came to Algiers, ordered the assassination of Selim, and seized the town and ousted the Spanish in the Capture of Algiers (1516).Hayreddin, succeeding Aruj after the latter was killed in battle against the Spaniards in the Fall of Tlemcen (1517), was the founder of the pashaluk, which subsequently became the beylik, of Algeria.Due to its location on the periphery of both the Ottoman and European economic spheres, and depending for its existence on a Mediterranean that was increasingly controlled by European shipping, backed by European navies, piracy became the primary economic activity.

Repeated attempts were made by various nations to subdue the pirates that disturbed shipping in the western Mediterranean and engaged in slave raids as far north as Iceland.

Length: 385 cm, cal:178 mm, weight: 2910 kg, stone projectile.

Seized by France during the invasion of Algiers in 1830. Formally part of the Ottoman Empire but essentially free from Ottoman control, starting in the 16th century Algiers turned to piracy and ransoming.

The present-day city was founded in 944 by Bologhine ibn Ziri, the founder of the Berber Zirid–Sanhaja dynasty.

He had earlier (935) built his own house and a Sanhaja center at Ashir, just south of Algiers.

Thereafter, a considerable amount of trade began to flow between Algiers and Spain.